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GARDENS BY THE BAY
Iris x germanica (blue) - blue Bearded Iris

BLUE PERENNIALS & THEIR COMPANIONS


The single word "blue" is totally inadequate to describe by itself the colour of a flower. So we use descriptive words to help us understand the exact shades we mean. There are many light shades including pale blue, powder blue, milky blue, sky blue, cool blue, soft blue, lavender blue and periwinkle blue to name just a few. Then there are the brighter and darker tones including navy blue, deep blue, bright blue, electric blue, rich blue and gentian blue to name a few more. And the more specifically described steel blue, metallic blue, cobalt blue and sapphire blue. There is even peacock blue that is clearly visible in the image below of a neighbour who came for a stroll through our gardens.

a neighbour's peacock exiting one of our gardens after a stroll

In fact, there are very few truly blue flowers. Many described as blue in garden literature have more purple as do some of the plants mentioned below.


* Watch for the animated hummingbird and butterfly with the plants that attract them. *
The deer icon indicates plants that deer are not usually attracted to.

The best time and method to propagate plants can be found on our image-intensive PROPAGATION page.

To help your plants grow their best, check out our FERTILIZATION page.

To create your own plant partnerships based on tried and true color theory, check out our GARDEN COLOR page.

To see if a particular plant is on this page press Ctrl+F, type in the name, then click the Find button.


ACONITUM

The adjective "rich" comes to mind when attempting to describe the colour tones of Monkshood. Mostly blues and purples there is even one yellow form. Whichever you choose, you can't go wrong with the companions suggested below. You must be careful when working with this plant, however. All of its parts are highly poisonous to people and animals alike. Wear gloves if you have any open wounds and wash your hands immediately after working around them. Keep away from children and pets by placing them in the back row of any border, well out from reach.

Aconitum:  Monkshood

    in sun with:  Aster (Michaelmas Daisy), Aster novi-belgii 'Benary's Composition Mix', Chrysanthemum spp.,
      Anemone x hybrida, Anemone japonica, Anemone tomentosa, Helenium autumnale
    with:  Anemone hupehensis 'September Charm'
      with:  Aquilegia x hybrida 'Biedermeyer', Aquilegia 'Nora Barlow'
        in part shade with:  Hosta, Begonia grandis, Cimicifuga spp.
          behind:  pastel-coloured Garden mums
            behind:  Monarda 'Cambridge Scarlet' or 'Gardenview Scarlet' & white Shasta daisies
              behind:  Monarda (pink forms) & Lilium 'Pink Perfection', all behind Gypsophila 'Rosy Veil'
                behind:  Phlox paniculata (white)
                  with:  Lythrum, Monarda, Gypsophila paniculata
                    behind:  Lilium(soft yellow), ferns, Thalictrum, Astilbe, Hosta
                      behind:  Hemerocallis (yellow, peach & light orange)
                    Aconitum:  any dark blue form
                      with:  Hemerocallis (melon-coloured with some red tones) & Phlox paniculata (white)
                        with:  Helianthus, Hemerocallis fulva, Hemerocallis 'Stella d'Oro'
                          combined with:  Hemerocallis (tawny-coloured), Phlox paniculata (white) & Achillea filipendulina 'Gold Plate'
                            with:  Veronicastrum virginicum (a white form)
                              with:  Boltonia asteroides
                            Aconitum:  a cool blue shade
                              with:  Monarda didyma (pink or red shades)
                            Aconitum x bicolor:  
                              synonym:  Aconitum x cammarum
                                with:  Eupatorium purpureum, Perovskia atriplicifolia, Helenium autumnale, Aster, Heliopsis helianthoides
                                  with:  Rudbeckia hirta, Physostegia virginiana, Achillea spp., Chelone lyonii, Phlox paniculata (white)
                                Aconitum x bicolor 'Bicolor':  Bicolor Monkshood, blue & white
                                  with:  Lilium tigrinum (synonym Lilium lancifolium)
                                    with:  Asiatic lilies (warm reds, yellows and oranges)
                                  Aconitum carmichaelii:  Azure Monkshood
                                    Aconitum carmichaelii 'Arendsii' - Azure Monkshood
                                    with:  Sanguisorba canadensis, Chrysanthemum, Aster spp., Ornamental Grasses
                                      with:  Acanthus mollis
                                    Aconitum henryi 'Spark's Variety':  Oxford blue, 3-4', late-blooming
                                      with:  Anemone x hybrida
                                    Aconitum napellus:  Blue Monkshood, Common Monkshood, deep blue
                                      with:  Acanthus mollis
                                    More information about and partners for Monkshood can be found at the links below.

                                  • purple Monkshood
                                  • yellow Monkshood



                                  • AGAPANTHUS

                                    Tropical looking African Lily, sometimes called Blue Agapanthus as well as Lily-of-the-Nile, has long been thought of as hardy only to Zone 7 or 8. Anyone familiar with the gardens of Larkwhistle on the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario, Canada in Zone 4 knows otherwise. Mounding sandy soil over the top of their plants in fall is sufficient protection there to ensure the return of these lovelies come spring.

                                    Agapanthus patens:  light blue

                                      synonym:  Agapanthus campanulatus ssp. patens
                                        with:  Achillea filipendulina 'Gold Plate'


                                      AJUGA

                                      Bugleweed thrives as a groundcover or edging plant, usually in partial shade, although it will grow in full sun as long as soil is moist. Lush with small flowers in late spring to early summer, bugle will continue to display attractive spoon-shaped leaves for the rest of the season after bloom is over. Some forms spread much more quickly than others, so choose carefully if you don't want this perennial to spread beyond the boundaries you set.

                                      Ajuga reptans:  Bugleweed, bright blue, 4-10"x12-18"

                                        Ajuga
                                        where:  in dry shade of lawn trees, as edger, groundcover around shrubs
                                          ornamental foliaged types:  as edgings or accents
                                            under:  deciduous shrubs, silver and gold leaved plants
                                              with:  Pachysandra terminalis
                                                beside and or under:  Geranium spp., Euphorbia myrsinites
                                                  over:  Crocus (small types) or Narcissus (miniature forms)
                                                    drifted with:  Campanula portenschlagiana or Campanula poscharskyana
                                                      good foliage contrast in front of:  Carex stricta 'Aurea'
                                                    Ajuga:  purple-leaved types
                                                      with:  Achillea x 'Moonshine'
                                                    Ajuga 'Caitlin's Giant':  bright blue flowers, and large, bronze-toned leaves
                                                      combined with:  Convallaria majalis, Asarum europeum, Astilbe chinensis 'Pumila',
                                                        Hosta sieboldiana 'Elegans', Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum' & Athyrium nipponicum 'Pictum'
                                                    Do you need to know more about Bugleweed and find companions for those in your gardens? Try the links below.

                                                  • Ajuga in shade
                                                  • Ajuga with variegated foliage
                                                  • Ajuga with silver foliage



                                                  • ALLIUM

                                                    Ornamental Onion, or Flowering Onion, in its myriad forms is a welcome addition to any garden. Small starry flowers grow in clusters, some small, some huge, depending on which species you choose. Plant these bulbs in full sun and generally in well-drained soil for best performance.

                                                    Allium:  Flowering Onion

                                                      with:  Iris, Hemerocallis, Lavandula spp., Thymus spp., Geranium, Nepeta x faassenii, Dianthus spp.,
                                                        Stachys byzantina
                                                      with low-growing shrubs:  Potentilla sp., Cotoneaster spp
                                                        with small, low-growing Ornamental Grasses:  Festuca glauca
                                                          to shoot up through:  low ground cover plants
                                                        Allium caeruleum:  Blue Garlic, deep blue, 8-32"x4-6"
                                                          behind:  Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet' (a non-flowering form)
                                                            beside:  Artemisia 'Powis Castle'
                                                          There is more information about the Ornamental Onions at the links below, along with ideas for the perfect partners for these beauties.

                                                        • numerous Allium forms
                                                        • white Allium

                                                        • AMSONIA

                                                          Blue Star, or Willow Blue Star, has clusters of pale blue star-shaped flowers that bloom in spring to early summer, usually in full sun to part shade.

                                                          Amsonia tabernaemontana:  Willow Blue Star, steel-blue

                                                            in front of:  Iris 'Super Ego' & Iris 'Summer Skies'
                                                              behind:  Aquilegia x hybrida 'Biedermeyer', Aquilegia 'Nora Barlow'
                                                                near:  bold shades of Papaver orientale
                                                                  with:  Thermopsis caroliniana
                                                                    combined with:  Paeonia &  Iris sibirica (for co-bloom and good foliage after)


                                                                  ANCHUSA

                                                                  Italian Bugloss is one plant that has true blue flowers. Blooming in early summer they will do best in full sun, in evenly moist well-drained soil. This is usually a short-lived perennial.

                                                                  Anchusa:  Bugloss

                                                                    behind:  Phlox paniculata, Papaver orientale, Platycodon grandiflorus
                                                                      beside:  Paeonia, Digitalis
                                                                        in front of:  Echinops ritro
                                                                          combined with:  Hemerocallis flava, Iris sibirica 'Fourfold White' & Veronica 'Crater Lake Blue'
                                                                            to hide foliage behind:  Hemerocallis, Liatris
                                                                          Anchusa azurea:  Italian Bugloss, brilliant blue, 2-5' tall
                                                                            synonym:  Anchusa italica
                                                                              where:  amid bright flowers, in masses with flowering shrubs
                                                                                with:  Chrysanthemum x superbum, Achillea, Papaver
                                                                                  behind:   pink Paeonia or Pyrethrum
                                                                                    behind:  Phlox paniculata 'Mt. Fujiyama' (white)
                                                                                      beside:  Digitalis (tall species)
                                                                                        near:  drift of yellow Iris x germanica, Lysimachia punctata


                                                                                      ANEMONE

                                                                                      Anemone, or Windflower, is a very diverse group of plants with species that shine in darkest shade to brightest sun. There are early spring-blooming forms and those that don't perform until the fall right up until frost. The form below is only one of many with blue flowers.

                                                                                      Anemone blanda:  Grecian Windflower

                                                                                      There are many more forms of Anemone and their companions to be found at the following links, along with information you may need for growing them well.

                                                                                    • pink Anemone forms
                                                                                    • Anemones for shade
                                                                                    • white Anemone forms



                                                                                    • ASTER

                                                                                      The Aster is another perennial with many different forms, some early-blooming, others later-blooming. All have star-shaped flowers and whatever their height, season of bloom, preferred exposure or other requirements, they will provide pleasure over a long period of time.

                                                                                      Aster: blue forms

                                                                                        with:  Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Hameln'
                                                                                      Aster ericoides 'Blue Star':  pale blue Heath Aster, 30"
                                                                                        with:  salmon-pink Sedum 'Autumn Joy', Artemisia 'Lambrook Silver'
                                                                                      Aster tongolensis 'Wartburg Star':  18", blue with orange centres
                                                                                        with:  Buddleia x 'Lochinch' (hybrid with B. fallowiana, lavender flowers/silvery-gray leaves)
                                                                                      Numerous Asters appear on various pages that can be accessed by following the links below. There is different information about the genus on each page as well.

                                                                                    • butterfly-attracting Asters
                                                                                    • pink Asters
                                                                                    • purple Asters
                                                                                    • Asters for shade
                                                                                    • white Asters



                                                                                    • CAMPANULA

                                                                                      Bellflowers bloom over a long period of time in many different colours, usually white and shades including purple, but there are blue-flowered ones among them, including the forms listed below.

                                                                                      Campanula carpatica 'China Doll':   azure blue Bellflower

                                                                                        combined with:  Potentilla 'Miss Willmott', Sedum 'Dragon's Blood' & Thymus x citriodorus
                                                                                      Campanula lactiflora 'White Flower Farm Selection':  mid-blue
                                                                                        combined with:  Digitalis ambigua, Chrysanthemum parthenium & Phlox 'Miss Lingard' (white)
                                                                                      Campanula poscharskyana:  pale blue creeping Bellflower
                                                                                        where:  front of borders, rock gardens, hanging baskets, window boxes, in dry shade
                                                                                          with:  Chrysanthemum parthenium (Golden Feverfew), Chrysoganum virginianum
                                                                                            with:  drifts of Ajuga, Hosta, Vinca & other ground covers
                                                                                          Campanula rotundifolia:  Bluebells of Scotland, blue bellflowers
                                                                                            with:  white Campanula rotundifolia 'Alba'
                                                                                          Campanulas come in a variety of colours. Follow the links below for partnership ideas and more information on all types of Bellflower.

                                                                                        • pink Bellflowers
                                                                                        • purple Bellflowers
                                                                                        • white Bellflowers



                                                                                        • CENTAUREA

                                                                                          Perennial Cornflower, sometimes called Perennial Bachelor's Button and Mountain Bluet, grows best in full sun and well-drained soil. Cut back after the first flush of flowers for tidier foliage and repeat bloom in fall.

                                                                                          Centaurea montana:  Perennial Cornflower, rich electric-blue or cobalt blue

                                                                                          If you want to try Knapweed in colours other than blue, find lots of ideas at the links below.

                                                                                        • pink Knapweed
                                                                                        • yellow Knapweed
                                                                                        • silver foliage Knapweed

                                                                                        • CERATOSTIGMA

                                                                                          Plumbago, Blue Plumbago, Leadwort and Blue Leadwort are all common names for this late-flowering perennial with brilliant blue flowers and red-tinged foliage. A perfect groundcover plant at the front of a perennial border.

                                                                                          Ceratostigma plumbaginoides: Plumbago

                                                                                            Ceratostigma  plumbaginoides - Blue Plumbago
                                                                                            where:  under flowering shrubs as groundcover, along walkways, in rock walls, at front of borders
                                                                                              under:  flowering shrubs (as groundcover), bronzed mums, rose and purple Aster, bronze Mums
                                                                                                with:  Garden Mum Dendranthema 'El Toro' (red)
                                                                                                  interplanted with spring & fall-blooming bulbs:  Crocus, Lycoris, Colchicum (especially lavender) to hide their dying foliage
                                                                                                    with:   Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb', Helianthus x multiflorus 'Flore Pleno', Hemerocallis 'Stella d'Oro',
                                                                                                      Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii
                                                                                                    under:  Prunus cerasifera 'Thundercloud'
                                                                                                      combined with:  Eupatorium fistulosum & Artemisia 'Silver King'


                                                                                                    DELPHINIUM

                                                                                                    Delphinium and Larkspur are available in multiple forms referred to as blue, although most of these are more purple-tinged than blue. There are some, however, that can be safely called blue, including those below. Companion them as recommended for a lovely effect.

                                                                                                    Delphinium:  blue forms

                                                                                                      blue Delphinium
                                                                                                      with:  Achillea ptarmica 'The Pearl'
                                                                                                        with:  Dodecatheon meadia (rose-pink)
                                                                                                          with:  Lilium martagon (ivory-coloured)
                                                                                                            with:  Filipendula rubra
                                                                                                              behind:  Helenium 'Gold Fox'
                                                                                                                near:  Rosa (climbing forms)
                                                                                                                  with:  Chrysanthemum x superbum, Monarda didyma (red)
                                                                                                                    combined with:  Achillea 'Coronation Gold' & Chrysanthemum x superbum 'Star of Antwerp'
                                                                                                                      behind:  Gypsophila paniculata, Lilium martagon (ivory) & Monarda didyma (red)
                                                                                                                    Delphinium:  light blue
                                                                                                                      behind:  Lilium regale (or any white form), Achillea 'Salmon Beauty' (salmon-pink) with edging of Stachys 'Silver Carpet',
                                                                                                                        & near the pale pink climbing rose 'New Dawn'
                                                                                                                      behind:  Monarda 'Marshall's Delight' (bright and showy hot pink)
                                                                                                                    Delphinium:  deep blue
                                                                                                                      with:  Thalictrum aquilegifolium
                                                                                                                        with:  Lilium 'Peach Butterflies' (a recurved Turkscap Butterfly Lily)
                                                                                                                      Delphinium 'Belladonna':  sky-blue
                                                                                                                        behind:  Achillea x 'Moonshine', Hemerocallis (lemon-yellow)
                                                                                                                      Delphinium 'Blue Bird' (medium blue)
                                                                                                                      Delphinium 'Blue Jay' (mid to dark blue)
                                                                                                                      Delphinium 'Summer Skies' (soft sky blue)
                                                                                                                        with:  Achillea ptarmica 'The Pearl'
                                                                                                                          combined with:  Achillea 'Coronation Gold' & Chrysanthemum x superbum 'Star of Antwerp'
                                                                                                                        Delphinium 'Blue Butterfly'
                                                                                                                        Delphinium 'Blue Mirror' (bright blue) see below
                                                                                                                        Delphinium 'Blue Elf'
                                                                                                                          combined with:  Phlox paniculata (rose-coloured forms) & Monarda (red)
                                                                                                                        Delphinium 'Blue Mirror':  gentian-blue Chinese Delphinium, 24" tall
                                                                                                                          Note:  treat as a biennial, use at border front
                                                                                                                        If you want to increase your Delphinium collection, try some of the forms available at the following links. Combine them with partners suggested by gardening experts.

                                                                                                                      • purple Delphiniums
                                                                                                                      • white Delphiniums

                                                                                                                      • ECHINOPS

                                                                                                                        Globe Thistle, with its metallic blue flowers, is an excellent background perennial. Watch for seedlings to increase your collection. It is best to move seedlings when quite small to ensure survival. Foliage is as impressive as the blooms. Try the flowers in fresh or dried arrangements.

                                                                                                                        Echinops ritro:  Globe Thistle, steel blue, metallic blue

                                                                                                                          Echinops ritro - Globe Thistle
                                                                                                                          where:  in front of shrubs, in mid to rear border position
                                                                                                                            generally with:  fine-textured plants to soften their bold foliage
                                                                                                                              with:  drought-tolerant plants i.e. Papaver orientale, Achillea ( esp. yellow forms), Rudbeckia spp, Nepeta
                                                                                                                                with:  Ornamental Grasses
                                                                                                                                  with:  Phlox paniculata (for shape contrast))
                                                                                                                                    behind:  Paeonia, Anchusa
                                                                                                                                      beside:  Alcea, Digitalis, Aster
                                                                                                                                        to hem in:  Lythrum
                                                                                                                                          foliage contrast with:  Heuchera sanguinea esp. Bressingham Hybrids i.e. 'Bressingham Blaze'
                                                                                                                                            amid:  (shrubby) Paeonia & (grassy) Hemerocallis
                                                                                                                                              in front of:  tall shrubs
                                                                                                                                                with:  Phlox paniculata (esp. pastel shades), Gypsophila paniculata, Sedum 'Autumn Joy', Helenium, Hemerocallis,
                                                                                                                                                  Artemisia lactiflora, Achillea 'Moonshine', Echinacea purpurea
                                                                                                                                                combined with:  Aster 'Purple Dome', Echinacea 'White Swan' & Hemerocallis 'Hyperion'
                                                                                                                                                  combined with:  bright yellows of Rudbeckia immediately behind, with purple of Perovskia atriplicifolia behind both
                                                                                                                                                    combined with:  Artemisia lactiflora, Helenium 'Moorheim Beauty' & Achillea 'Moonshine'
                                                                                                                                                  Echinops 'Taplow Blue':  Globe Thistle
                                                                                                                                                    with:  Achillea 'Coronation Gold'
                                                                                                                                                  You can find more information about this perennial genus at the link below.

                                                                                                                                                • silver foliage Globe Thistle

                                                                                                                                                • GENTIANA

                                                                                                                                                  The species in the Gentian genus are definitely blue, having given their name to an intense hue called gentian blue. They can be low-growing or upright; all have trumpet- or bottle-shaped flowers that bloom in late summer to fall. Preferring evenly moist, humus-rich soil in full sun or partial shade, many species are rock-garden favourites while others succeed in open woodlands.

                                                                                                                                                  For partnership ideas, follow the link to Shade Perennials & Their Companions- 2


                                                                                                                                                  GERANIUM

                                                                                                                                                  Perennial Geranium, or Cranesbill, has attractive divided foliage and early summer bloom in a variety of colours including blue. Plant it some distance in front of your favourite daylily. It will bloom early after which it needs to be cut back hard. For a short time the foliage will look somewhat unattractive, but it is then that the daylily will be coming into bloom and will therefore dominate the picture. And after the daylily has bloomed, the geranium foliage will act as a screen to hide its declining foliage. A perfect companionship...

                                                                                                                                                  Geranium x magnificum:  Showy Geranium, blue-violet

                                                                                                                                                    Geranium magnificum - Showy Geranium
                                                                                                                                                    note:  if cut back after bloom this perennial geranium will send up new foliage that remains attractive the rest of the summer
                                                                                                                                                      with:  Coreopsis auriculata nana, also known as Mouse-Ear Coreopsis
                                                                                                                                                    Geranium 'Johnson's Blue':  lavender-blue

                                                                                                                                                      in front of :  Aruncus dioicus 'Kneifii'
                                                                                                                                                        with:  pink and white Rosa, Heuchera 'Palace Purple'
                                                                                                                                                          between:  Viola ' Huntercombe Purple' & Aster x thompsonii 'Nanus' (underplanted with Anemone blanda)
                                                                                                                                                            with:  Thalictrum 'Thundercloud', Verbascum olympicum
                                                                                                                                                              with:  Achillea x 'Moonshine', Alchemilla vulgaris
                                                                                                                                                                combined with Aquilegia 'Robin' & Heuchera 'June Bride'
                                                                                                                                                                  with:  Paeonia lactiflora (pink) & Thalictrum aquilegiafolium
                                                                                                                                                                Geranium pratense 'Mrs. Kendall Clark':  soft blue
                                                                                                                                                                  combined with:  Geranium endressii "Wargrave Pink' (a warm salmon-pink) & Geranium himalayense
                                                                                                                                                                The Geranium genus has a wealth of members of various colours and for various situations, accessed at the links below. Information about growing them well can also be found.

                                                                                                                                                              • Geranium Profile
                                                                                                                                                              • edging Geraniums
                                                                                                                                                              • Geraniums for foliage effect
                                                                                                                                                              • pink Geraniums
                                                                                                                                                              • Geraniums for shade
                                                                                                                                                              • white Geraniums
                                                                                                                                                              • Simply Special Perennials - Hardy Geranium's many forms

                                                                                                                                                              • FOR MORE BLUE PERENNIALS & THEIR COMPANIONS, FOLLOW THE LINK BELOW.


                                                                                                                                                                All of our own Gardens By The Bay pages can be accessed by clicking on the links below.


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                                                                                                                                                                CORNER GARDEN CONSTRUCTION  |  CORNER GARDEN PLANTING  |  LONG GARDEN

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                                                                                                                                                                PLANT PARTNERSHIPS

                                                                                                                                                                BLUE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Geranium  |  Iris - Vinca

                                                                                                                                                                BULBS    Allium - Hyacinthus  |  Narcissus only  |  Tulipa only  |  Minor Bulbs

                                                                                                                                                                BUTTERFLY MAGNETS    Anaphalis - Hemerocallis  |  Liatris - Veronicastrum
                                                                                                                                                                DAYLILIES      Spider & Unusual Form

                                                                                                                                                                EDGERS    Arabis - Iris  |  Nepeta - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                FOLIAGE PERENNIALS     Alchemilla - Tanacetum

                                                                                                                                                                HOSTA    Hosta - all

                                                                                                                                                                HUMMINGBIRD-FRIENDLY PERENNIALS    Alcea - Salvia

                                                                                                                                                                ORANGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Tulipa

                                                                                                                                                                ORNAMENTAL GRASSES    Acorus - Imperata |  Miscanthus - Spodiopogon

                                                                                                                                                                PINK PERENNIALS    Achillea - Lilium  |  Lychnis - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                PURPLE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Liatris  |  Polemonium - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                RED PERENNIALS    Achillea - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                SHADE PERENNIALS    Aegopodium - Erythronium  |  Ferns - Polemonium  |  Polygonatum - Vinca

                                                                                                                                                                SILVER FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Cerastium    |    Cornus - Limonium    |    Lunaria - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                SIMPLY SPECIAL PERENNIALS    Acanthus - Saxifraga

                                                                                                                                                                WHITE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Iris  |  Kalimeris - Yucca

                                                                                                                                                                YELLOW PERENNIALS    Achillea - Hypericum  |  Inula - Verbascum

                                                                                                                                                                VARIEGATED-FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Acorus - Erythronium  |  Hakonechloa - Lysimachia  |  Miscanthus - Yucca

                                                                                                                                                                PLANT PROFILES

                                                                                                                                                                Dianthus 'Tiny Rubies'  |  Geranium  |  Geum coccineum  |  Kerria japonica  |  Knautia macedonica

                                                                                                                                                                Paeonia tenuifolia  |  Papaver somniferum  |  Rudbeckia  |  Salvia 'East Friesland'

                                                                                                                                                                Trollius  |  Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue'

                                                                                                                                                                PROPAGATION

                                                                                                                                                                DIVISION - SPRING ONLY  |   DIVISION - FALL ONLY  |   DIVISION - SPRING OR FALL  |   DO NOT DIVIDE

                                                                                                                                                                FERTILIZATION

                                                                                                                                                                BULBS  |   ORNAMENTAL GRASSES  |   PERENNIALS  |   SHRUBS  |   VINES

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