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PLANT PROFILE


Salvia 'East Friesland'

Salvia x superba 'East Friesland'

'East Friesland' Violet Sage

This is another of those plants with a wonderful purple presence in the garden. Compact and showy, it will blend with everything you plant anywhere near it.

PRONUNCIATION SALL-vee-uh soo-PURR-buh FREEZE-land
COMMON NAME variously called Purple Sage, Perennial Sage, Violet Sage
SYNONYMS  
DERIVATION salvere (Latin) = to be saved (referring to healing properties); superba = superb, proud
FAMILY Labiatae - Mint
TYPE compact, mounded to shrubby, fibrous-rooted herbaceous perennial
USES as edging, for massing, in borders, cutting and drying, to attract butterflies
FLOWER tubular, hooded, in tight slender spikes; in tiered whorls at tips of branching, square stems; long-blooming
COLOUR variously described as dark violet-purple, violet-blue with a purple bract or indigo
FOLIAGE rough, medium-textured, narrowly oval, aromatic when crushed
COLOUR dull green, gray-green
HARDINESS Zone 3
EXPOSURE full sun (preferred) to light shade
SOIL well-drained, rich, sandy or loamy, fertile
WATER ample moisture is required; drought-resistant once established
HEIGHT 30"
SPREAD 18" to 24"
BLOOM June (late spring well into summer) and may rebloom in fall if deadheaded
STAKING not necessary
DEADHEAD yes, after flowers fade and for rebloom in fall
PROBLEMS wet soil in winter is fatal
AFTERCARE cut back hard after flowering to induce compact growth and further flowering
FALL CARE cut to ground level
PROPAGATION reproduce named cultivars such as this asexually;
division: in spring or fall (may be slow to re-establish after division in spring because of long, stringy roots);
cuttings: in spring or early summer from shoot tips or shoots arising from the base of the plant and root them in a 50-50 mix of perlite and vermiculite
SEED CULTURE named cultivars will not come "true" from seed
FERTILIZER top dress in spring with compost or balanced organic fertilizer; fertilize in fall with bulb food or a 5-10-5 formulation
MULCH mulch to control weeds and retain soil moisture; provide winter cover after ground freezes
FORMS 'Rose Queen' - rosy-violet, floppy
'Blue Queen' - deep violet-blue dwarf
'Lubeca' - violet-blue
'Mainacht'('May Night') - earlier- blooming
'Miss Indigo' - showy deep purple-blue
COMPANION PLANTS COMPANIONS PLANTS



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PLANT PARTNERSHIPS

BLUE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Geranium  |  Iris - Vinca

BULBS    Allium - Hyacinthus  |  Narcissus only  |  Tulipa only  |  Minor Bulbs

BUTTERFLY MAGNETS    Anaphalis - Hemerocallis  |  Liatris - Veronicastrum
DAYLILIES      Spider & Unusual Form

EDGERS    Arabis - Iris  |  Nepeta - Veronica

FOLIAGE PERENNIALS     Alchemilla - Tanacetum

HOSTA    Hosta - all

HUMMINGBIRD-FRIENDLY PERENNIALS    Alcea - Salvia

ORANGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Tulipa

ORNAMENTAL GRASSES    Acorus - Imperata |  Miscanthus - Spodiopogon

PINK PERENNIALS    Achillea - Lilium  |  Lychnis - Veronica

PURPLE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Liatris  |  Polemonium - Veronica

RED PERENNIALS    Achillea - Veronica

SHADE PERENNIALS    Aegopodium - Erythronium  |  Ferns - Polemonium  |  Polygonatum - Vinca

SILVER FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Cerastium    |    Cornus - Limonium    |    Lunaria - Veronica

SIMPLY SPECIAL PERENNIALS    Acanthus - Saxifraga

WHITE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Iris  |  Kalimeris - Yucca

YELLOW PERENNIALS    Achillea - Hypericum  |  Inula - Verbascum

VARIEGATED-FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Acorus - Erythronium  |  Hakonechloa - Lysimachia  |  Miscanthus - Yucca

PLANT PROFILES

Dianthus 'Tiny Rubies'  |  Geranium  |  Geum coccineum  |  Kerria japonica  |  Knautia macedonica

Paeonia tenuifolia  |  Papaver somniferum  |  Rudbeckia  |  Salvia 'East Friesland'

Trollius  |  Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue'

PROPAGATION

DIVISION - SPRING ONLY  |   DIVISION - FALL ONLY  |   DIVISION - SPRING OR FALL  |   DO NOT DIVIDE

FERTILIZATION

BULBS  |   ORNAMENTAL GRASSES  |   PERENNIALS  |   SHRUBS  |   VINES

LINKS

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