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GARDENS BY THE BAY

Stachys 'Helene von Stein'

EDGING PERENNIALS & THEIR COMPANIONS - 2


Nothing starts the explosion of colour in the garden with more impact than vibrant-coloured spring-blooming edging plants. But the excitement isn't restricted only to the first flush of spring bloom. Many edgers that bloom throughout the season are available as are some that provide and maintain interest by way of their variegated or nicely-textured foliage.

Beginning with blue Veronica whitleyi, the earliest spring-blooming edger in my Zone 5 gardens, to Ceratostigma plumbaginoides, the last to exhaust itself in fall, they set off the rest of the gardens to perfection. Consider some of the following perennials as suitable companions for every type of edging plant.


* Watch for the animated hummingbird and butterfly with the plants that attract them. *
The deer icon indicates plants that deer are not usually attracted to.

The best time and method to propagate plants can be found on our image-intensive PROPAGATION page.

To help your plants grow their best, check out our FERTILIZATION page.

To create your own plant partnerships based on tried and true color theory, check out our GARDEN COLOR page.

To see if a particular plant is on this page press Ctrl+F, type in the name, then click the Find button.


NEPETA

This is one of those perfect perennials whose mere presence makes its neighbours seem more vibrant because of its proximity. Perfect with paler shades of pink or yellow, it serves more vivid companions well too. Cutting back hard after the first flush encourages rebloom until fall, making it ideal near later-blooming perennials as well as early ones. What more could you ask of any plant?

Nepeta x faassenii:  Catmint

    Nepeta x faassenii - CatmintCatmint with other perennials
    above left:  over a low edging of red-foliaged Hens and Chicks
      above right in front of:  strappy Hemerocallis foliage & a single red Paeonia tenuifolia (early-blooming Fernleaf Peony)
        where:  edging for walks, beds, rock walls, as a ground cover, used in drifts
          generally with:  brighter-coloured perennials
            combined with:  Acanthus mollis, Echinacea purpurea 'Bright Star' or 'Magnus' & Hemerocallis 'Yesterday Memories'
              combined with:  Achillea 'Coronation Gold', Lavandula 'Munstead', Lilium, Lythrum, Salvia & Veronica
                combined with drought-tolerant plants:  Echinops ritro, Achillea, Papaver orientale, Rudbeckia & Ornamental Grasses
                  combined with:  Alchemilla mollis &  Stachys byzantina & Stachys 'Helene von Stein' (a huge-leaved form)
                    combined with:  Geranium endressii 'Wargrave Pink', Salvia nemorosa 'Superba', Campanula, Phlox, Oenothera & Iris
                      combined with:  Centranthus ruber, Centranthus ruber 'Snowcloud' & Centaurea montana
                        with:  Phlox subulata (especially pink, but with most other colours as well)
                          with:;  Veronica spicata
                            with:  Filipendula vulgaris, Heuchera x brizoides, Hemerocallis spp.
                              with:  Platycodon grandiflorus (taller forms as well as the 15" dwarf 'Sentimental Blue')
                                with:  Verbena, Geranium, Paeonia, Coreopsis, Verbascum including V. chaixii
                                  with:  Achillea 'Moonshine', Allium forms, Aquilegia x hybrida, Papaver orientale
                                    with:  Oenothera fruticosa, Oenothera speciosa or Oenothera tetragona 'Youngii'
                                      drifted beside:  Dianthus spp, especially bright pink-coloured forms
                                        drifted beside:  Dianthus x alwoodii, Dianthus caesius (D. gratianopolitanus) including 'Tiny Rubies',
                                          Dianthus 'Brilliant Cascade', Dianthus plumarius (low-growing Cottage Pinks)
                                        with:  Cheiranthus, Lychnis (white forms)
                                          beside:  Arabis caucasica, Artemisia schmidtiana nana 'Silver Mound'
                                            in front of:  Tanacetum coccineum (formerly Chrysanthemum coccineum)
                                              in front of:  Tulipa (pink, pale yellow or crimson), Iris sibirica,
                                                under:  roses (especially white or pink)
                                                  taller types with:  Achillea, Oenothera, Eryngium
                                                Nepeta 'Blue Wonder':  deep blue
                                                  edging combo with::  Achillea 'Moonshine', Coreopsis 'Moonbeam', Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum
                                                    'Variegatum' (cream-striped) & Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet' (non-flowering)
                                                  with:  Hemerocallis (a lemony-yellow shade)
                                                    with:  Heuchera micrantha 'Palace Purple', Kniphofia x pfitzeri
                                                  Nepeta 'Dropmore Blue':  a bright blue Canadian hybrid
                                                    near:  Tanacetum coccineum (rose or crimson shades)
                                                      combined with:  Tulipa (yellow or lavender), Iris x germanica (violet or purple intermediates) & Allium aflatunense
                                                        with:  roses, hybrid tea roses
                                                      Nepeta 'Six Hills Giant':  deep violet, 3 feet tall
                                                        beside:  Rosa 'Pearl Drift'
                                                          in front of:  Geranium wallichianum 'Buxton's Variety'
                                                            combined with:  Phlomis russeliana (and other pale yellow flowers), Alchemilla mollis, Rosa 'Graham Thomas' (golden)
                                                          Nepeta sibirica:  Siberian Catmint
                                                            with:  Allium christophii & Salvia x superba 'East Friesland'
                                                              combined with:  Phlox paniculata 'Miss Lingard' or 'Rosalinde' or its cousin Calamintha nepetoides
                                                                behind:  Tulipa, to cover up their dying foliage
                                                              Nepeta sibirica 'Blue Beauty':  lavender-blue
                                                                synonym:  'Souvenir d'André Chaudron' in Europe
                                                                  drifted beside:  Achillea 'Moonshine'
                                                                    with;  Achillea millefolium 'Terra Cotta' & Caryopteris 'Worcester Gold' (for a spectacular effect)
                                                                  Follow the links below for more information about the care of the Catmint genus.

                                                                • blue Catmint
                                                                • Catmint with silver foliage

                                                                • OENOTHERA

                                                                  There are many members of the Sundrops family of perennials that grace the middle sections of a garden. Fortunately there is one form, the Missouri Evening Primrose, that provides a wonderful accent at garden edges. Here its huge, clear yellow, 5" wide blooms first appear in late spring. If it can spill over a rock edge, the plant can be assured of the excellent drainage it requires to thrive.

                                                                  Oenothera macrocarpa:  Ozark Sundrops

                                                                    Oenothera macrocarpa - Missouri Evening Primrose
                                                                    formerly:  Oenothera missouriensis
                                                                      where:  front border position, rock gardens, meadow gardens
                                                                        with:  Nepeta x faassenii, Iris x germanica, Phlox, Geranium, Achillea
                                                                          beside:  Campanula carpatica, Dianthus, Hemerocallis, Lychnis chalcedonica, Stokesia laevis
                                                                            in front of:  Eryngium
                                                                          Oenothera macrocarpa 'Green Court':  sulphur yellow Oenothera missouriensis:  Ozark Sundrops
                                                                            now reclassified as:  Oenothera macrocarpa - see above
                                                                          You will find both information and partnership ideas for these plants at the links below.

                                                                        • pink Sundrops
                                                                        • yellow Sundrops

                                                                        • PHLOX

                                                                          These edgers are wonderful for spilling over rock edges and come in an amazing array of colours for combining with many other perennials, bulbs and grasses. Just picture the following combinations, pick your favourites and go out to the garden to recreate any of the following scenes that are sure to invite comment from visitors to your garden.

                                                                          Phlox subulata: Moss Phlox, Creeping Phlox

                                                                            with grasses:  Carex glauca
                                                                              with other perennials:  Dianthus spp., Euphorbia myrsinites
                                                                                with other spring bloomers:  Iberis sempervirens
                                                                              Phlox subulata: most colours
                                                                                with:  Sedum, Penstemon, Nepeta x faassenii, Yucca
                                                                                  with early spring bloomers:  Arabis caucasica, Aurinia saxatilis
                                                                                    with perennials:  Anemone pulsatilla (now Pulsatilla vulgaris)
                                                                                      with bulbs:  Narcissus jonquilla, Endymion hispanicus, Tulipa (pink or dark purple)
                                                                                        in front of other bulbs:  Tulipa (try pink shades or a white form)
                                                                                          in front of perennials:  Sedum spectabile
                                                                                        Phlox subulata: white forms
                                                                                          combined with other white bulbs:  Tulipa or Hyacinthus
                                                                                            beside:  Iris (apricot dwarf)
                                                                                              in front of other bulbs:  Tulipa (yellow lily-Flowered), Allium 'Purple Sensation'
                                                                                            Phlox subulata: lavender-blue forms
                                                                                              Phlox subulata - lavender with a white eye
                                                                                              seen in the photo above cascading over a rock edge
                                                                                                with bulbs:  Convallaria majalis
                                                                                                  combined with:  Tulipa (buttery or peach), Dicentra spectabilis (white) & Iris (creamy to orange early Bearded)
                                                                                                Phlox subulata: pink forms
                                                                                                  Phlox subulata - pink Creeping Phlox
                                                                                                  seen above doing what it does best - hug and cascade over a rock edge, flaunting its bright early spring colour
                                                                                                    near bulbs:  Narcissus jonquilla, Tulipa kaufmanniana or clusiana, Endymion hispanicus
                                                                                                      near perennials:  Arabis, Iberis, Pulsatilla vulgaris, Nepeta x faassenii
                                                                                                        beside:  Dianthus caesius, Lavandula 'Hidcote Blue'
                                                                                                          in front of bulbs:  Tulipa (pink, short white, crimson and/or dark purple)
                                                                                                            with:  hybrid Tulipa, early Narcissus
                                                                                                              in front of perennials:  Sedum spectabile, Iris sibirica (a blue form such as 'Orville Fay')
                                                                                                                combined with:  Tulipa (white), Iris (sky blue Intermediate), Narcissus poeticus (white), Tulipa (dark plum) &
                                                                                                                  Dicentra spectabilis
                                                                                                              Phlox subulata 'Atropurpurea': variously described as wine or carmine or rosy red Phlox subulata 'Benita': lilac-blue with a darker eye
                                                                                                                with:  Convallaria majalis
                                                                                                              Phlox subulata 'Blue Emerald': "Moonlit" Creeping Phlox, pale to medium blue
                                                                                                                Phlox subulata 'Blue Emerald' - Creeping Phlox
                                                                                                                synonym:  'Emerald Blue'; pale lilac-blue (silvery lilac) excellent foliage
                                                                                                                  with early bloomers:  Aurinia saxatilis, Arabis, Convallaria majalis
                                                                                                                    with:  Sedum, Penstemon, Yucca,
                                                                                                                      in front of:  Tulipa (any colour from strong orange to pale pink)
                                                                                                                    Phlox subulata 'Rosette': compact rose-pink
                                                                                                                      with:  Aurinia saxatilis, Sedum, Arabis, Penstemon, Yucca
                                                                                                                    Phlox subulata 'Scarlet Flame': bright pink Follow the links below for many different Phlox, both short and taller forms, as well as suggestions from gardening experts about what to plant with them to create the most impact.

                                                                                                                  • numerous Phlox forms
                                                                                                                  • blue Phlox
                                                                                                                  • orange Phlox
                                                                                                                  • pink Phlox
                                                                                                                  • red Phlox
                                                                                                                  • Phlox for shade
                                                                                                                  • white Phlox
                                                                                                                  • Phlox with variegated foliage

                                                                                                                  • SEDUM

                                                                                                                    Flowering much earlier than taller relatives, the low-growing forms of Stonecrop generally produce a ground-covering mat of foliage and starry flowers in a range of colours depending on variety. Some even have variegated foliage to provide additional impact once the blooms have faded away. It seems that only the Border Varieties attract butterflies.

                                                                                                                    Sedum:  low forms

                                                                                                                      beside:  Dianthus
                                                                                                                    Sedum acre:  Gold Moss
                                                                                                                      with:  yellow flag Iris
                                                                                                                    Sedum 'Rosy Glow'
                                                                                                                      combined with:  Dianthus knappii & Euphorbia myrsinites
                                                                                                                    Sedum 'Ruby Glow':
                                                                                                                      synonym:  Sedum cauticola 'Robustum'
                                                                                                                        where:  as low edger around a bed
                                                                                                                          over:  Allium christophii
                                                                                                                            beside:  Helictotrichon sempervirens
                                                                                                                              under:  white Cleome, tall Ornamental Grasses
                                                                                                                                with:  Campanula (taller varieties), Stachys byzantina
                                                                                                                              Sedum 'Vera Jameson'
                                                                                                                                beside:  Salvia argentia, Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens', Ocimum basilicum 'Dark Opal'
                                                                                                                                  in front of:  Allium tuberosum
                                                                                                                                    with:  autumn Crocus
                                                                                                                                      with:  Heuchera micrantha 'Palace Purple', Iris pallida 'Variegata', Stachys byzantina
                                                                                                                                        combined with:  Pennisetum alopecuroides & Rudbeckia 'Goldsturm'
                                                                                                                                      Sedum kamtschaticum:  Kamschatka Stonecrop Sedum kamtschaticum 'Variegatum' Sedum spurium 'Dragon's Blood':  wine foliage & reddish-purple flowers
                                                                                                                                        Dragon's Blood Sedum with a Filipendula flower flopped on top
                                                                                                                                        star-shaped two-tone flowers seen above with a fluffy Filipendula bloom flopped forward on top
                                                                                                                                          for partnership ideas follow the link to Red Perennials & Their Companions
                                                                                                                                        If you thought you had enough of this genus in your gardens already, think again. You may want to try a few of the forms below and grow them well with the information provided to assist you.

                                                                                                                                      • numerous Sedum forms
                                                                                                                                      • red Sedum
                                                                                                                                      • Sedum with silver foliage
                                                                                                                                      • white Sedum
                                                                                                                                      • yellow Sedum
                                                                                                                                      • Sedum with variegated foliage


                                                                                                                                        SEMPERVIVUM

                                                                                                                                        Commonly called Hens and Chicks, these succulents produce evergreen rosettes of foliage that make excellent edging plants, rock garden specimens or wonderful residents in rock walls. Their starry flowers appear on bizarre thickened stalks but it is the wide range of foliage selections that creates the most interest in any garden situation.

                                                                                                                                        Sempervivum tectorum

                                                                                                                                          Sempervivum tectorum - a red-foliaged form
                                                                                                                                          where:  edging borders, rock gardens, walls, containers
                                                                                                                                            with:  Thymus spp.


                                                                                                                                          STACHYS

                                                                                                                                          A very popular edging plant, Lamb's Ears has woolly, silvery-gray foliage that looks like its common name implies. The flowers attract bees and many people remove them or grow the non-flowering form noted below. There are even forms with foliage of a more golden colour.

                                                                                                                                          Stachys:  Lamb's Ears

                                                                                                                                            with:  spring bulbs, other grey-foliaged plants (Santolina), evergreens, Yucca filamentosa
                                                                                                                                              with:  lemon yellow Tulipa 'Fringed Elegance'
                                                                                                                                                gray colour with:  pink, blue or mauve flowers i.e. Diascia, Veronica
                                                                                                                                                  with:  Allium, Arabis alpina, Arabis caucasica, Carex glauca, Coreopsis verticillata including 'Moonbeam',
                                                                                                                                                    Scilla sibirica
                                                                                                                                                  with:  Campanula carpatica 'White Clips', Dianthus, Echinacea purpurea
                                                                                                                                                    with:  Euphorbia epithymoides, Gypsophila paniculata
                                                                                                                                                      with:  Iris x germanica, Iris reticulata, Lavandula (as edging for walkway), Lilium (lemon yellow)
                                                                                                                                                        with:  Lythrum, Malva moschata, Penstemon, including P. digitalis 'Husker Red'
                                                                                                                                                          with:  Platycodon grandiflorus, Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens', Salvia x superba
                                                                                                                                                            echo in front of:  Malva moschata 'Rosea'
                                                                                                                                                              in front of:  Papaver orientale including salmon-pink forms
                                                                                                                                                                beside:  Helianthemum 'Wisley Pink', Heuchera sanguinea
                                                                                                                                                                  combined with:  Armeria maritima 'Dusseldorfer Pride', Allium schoenoprasum, Salvia x superba,
                                                                                                                                                                    Artemisia (feathery forms) & Achillea
                                                                                                                                                                  combined with:  Alchemilla mollis & Nepeta x faassenii
                                                                                                                                                                    combined with:  Salvia 'East Friesland' & Achillea x 'Moonshine'
                                                                                                                                                                      combined with:  Yucca smalliana & Sedum 'Autumn Joy'
                                                                                                                                                                    Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet':  non-flowering Lamb's Ears
                                                                                                                                                                      with:  Aster x frikartii 'Monch', Aster novae-angliae 'Hella Lacy', Delphinium (light blue)
                                                                                                                                                                        with:  Rosa 'Pearl Drift' & Convulvulus sabatius (C. mauritanicus)
                                                                                                                                                                          with:  Hemerocallis (lemon yellow)
                                                                                                                                                                            behind:  Eryngium x oliverianum
                                                                                                                                                                              in front of:  Brunnera macrophylla
                                                                                                                                                                                combined with:  Achillea x 'Moonshine', Nepeta 'Blue Wonder', Coreopsis 'Moonbeam' & Arrhenatherum elatius
                                                                                                                                                                                  var. bulbosum 'Variegatum'
                                                                                                                                                                              Stachys 'Helen von Stein':  non-flowering, large soft silvery leaves, 10"x18"
                                                                                                                                                                                Stachys 'Helen Von Stein' - a large-leaved form
                                                                                                                                                                                seen in the border around this page, and in the images at the top of the page and directly above
                                                                                                                                                                                  combined with:  Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Hamelyn' & Echinacea purpurea
                                                                                                                                                                                    with:  Nepeta faassenii, Thymus praecox
                                                                                                                                                                                  You can find more information and partnership ideas for this lovely perennial at the following link.

                                                                                                                                                                                • Lamb's Ears with silver foliage

                                                                                                                                                                                • THYMUS

                                                                                                                                                                                  Many creeping forms make an excellent drought-tolerant groundcover while taller, bushier forms can be used as a low hedge. All make wonderful edging plants with flowers of various colours and some provide variegated foliage for additional interest once the bloom is finished.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Thymus:  Thyme

                                                                                                                                                                                    where:  between flagstones, as a ground cover in hot, dry sites, as edging for informal paths
                                                                                                                                                                                      with:  Allium, including A. schoenoprasum
                                                                                                                                                                                        with:  Dianthus, Sedum, Sempervivum, Helianthemum nummularium, Lavandula
                                                                                                                                                                                          underplanted with hardy bulbs:  Allium, Muscari, Crocus, Narcissus (small forms)
                                                                                                                                                                                            with:  Phlox (low-growing, sun-loving forms)
                                                                                                                                                                                              in front of:  Euphorbia epithymoides
                                                                                                                                                                                            Thymus x citriodorus:  Lemon Thyme, 6-12"x12-18", pale lilac flowers
                                                                                                                                                                                              with:  Dianthus deltoides 'Zing'
                                                                                                                                                                                                combined with:  Campanula carpatica 'China Doll' (azure-blue), Potentilla 'Miss Willmot' & Sedum 'Dragon's Blood'
                                                                                                                                                                                              Thymus praecox:  Creeping Thyme, Mother of Thyme
                                                                                                                                                                                                with:  Stachys 'Helen von Stein'
                                                                                                                                                                                              Thymus pseudolanuginosus:  Woolly Thyme, fuzzy gray-green foliage, 1-2"x12-23"
                                                                                                                                                                                                Thymus pseudolanuginosus
                                                                                                                                                                                                for textural contrast with:  Lavandula
                                                                                                                                                                                              Thymus serphyllum:  Mother-of-Thyme, pale pastel purple form
                                                                                                                                                                                                echo with:  Scilla scilloides of a similar shade
                                                                                                                                                                                              Thymus serphyllum:  Mother-of-Thyme, rose-purple, 6-8", vigorous mat-forming
                                                                                                                                                                                                combined with:  Sedum (yellow) & Arenaria verna
                                                                                                                                                                                              Thymus serphyllum 'Coccineus':  Red Creeping Thyme, aromatic leaves, reddish-pink flowers, to 10"x24"
                                                                                                                                                                                                with:  Thymus serphyllum 'Album'
                                                                                                                                                                                                  with:  Yucca filamentosa
                                                                                                                                                                                                    combined with:  Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies', Dianthus deltoides 'Albus', Veronica 'Crater Lake Blue',
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Artemisia 'Silver Brocade' & Geranium sanguineum
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Need more Thyme? Find suggestions at the following link.

                                                                                                                                                                                                • pink Thyme
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Thymes with silver foliage
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Thymes with variegated foliage

                                                                                                                                                                                                • VERONICA

                                                                                                                                                                                                  While many of the taller forms of Speedwell are well known and commonly used in mid to rear border situations, some lovely types are of a short stature perfect for border edges. Provide the well-drained conditions they require and try to avoid watering the foliage where possible and they will amply reward you with spikes of variously-coloured, long-blooming flowers.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Veronica allionii:  Alpine Speedwell, violet-blue, 6"x12"

                                                                                                                                                                                                    where:  edger in full sun to part shade, rock gardens
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Veronica alpina 'Goodness Grows' Veronica austriaca spp. teucrium:  Hungarian Speedwell, 8-12"x12"
                                                                                                                                                                                                    formerly:  Veronica latifolia, Veronica teucrium
                                                                                                                                                                                                      this includes the cultivars:  'Crater Lake Blue & 'Trehane'
                                                                                                                                                                                                        to go with:  spring & early summer blooming Euphorbia
                                                                                                                                                                                                          with:  Heuchera
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Veronica austriaca spp. teucrium 'Shirley Blue'
                                                                                                                                                                                                          also see:  Veronica teucrium 'Shirley Blue' below
                                                                                                                                                                                                            combined with:  Iris x germanica (blue) & Tanacetum coccineum
                                                                                                                                                                                                              combined with:  Iris x germanica (yellow & cream) & Paeonia (a single white)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                combined with:  pink Heuchera, white Dianthus, blue Iris x germanica, all near Chrysanthemum coccineum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  with:  hot crimson Dianthus deltoides
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    beside:  pink Gypsophila repens 'Rosea'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Veronica chamaedrys 'Miffy Brute':  dwarf, variegated foliage, blue flowers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Veronica chamaedrys 'Miffy Brute'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    above with:  Hosta and Aruncus in shade
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Veronica dabneyi:  Pink Speedwell, pale pink, 6"x12" Veronica filifolia:  sky blue, 2-4"x12-18"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      where:  rock gardens, walls, as edger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Veronica incana Veronica peduncularis 'Georgia Blue' Veronica prostrata:  Creeping Speedwell, 4"x12"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      this includes the cultivars:  'Heavenly Blue' & 'Mrs. Holt'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        where:  walls, rocks gardens, as edger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Veronica repens Veronica teucrium:  Hungarian Speedwell, 8-12"x12"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        synonym:  Veronica latifolia, Veronica austriaca spp. teucrium
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          this includes the cultivars:  'Crater Lake Blue & 'Trehane'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            to go with:  spring & early summer blooming Euphorbia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              with:  Heuchera
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Veronica teucrium 'Shirley Blue'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              also see:  Veronica austriaca spp. teucrium 'Shirley Blue' above
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sometimes referred to as:  V. austriaca, V. prostrata, V. teucrium dubia, V. rupestris or V. latifolia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Veronica whitleyi The genus Veronica has many choices that can enhance your garden immensely. If those above haven't satisfied your needs, follow the links below for more ideas and care details.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • pink Veronica
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • purple Veronica
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • red Veronica
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Veronica with silver foliage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • white Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • All of our own Gardens By The Bay pages can be accessed by clicking on the links below.


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PLANT PARTNERSHIPS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BLUE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Geranium  |  Iris - Vinca

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BULBS    Allium - Hyacinthus  |  Narcissus only  |  Tulipa only  |  Minor Bulbs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BUTTERFLY MAGNETS    Anaphalis - Hemerocallis  |  Liatris - Veronicastrum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DAYLILIES      Spider & Unusual Form

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              EDGERS    Arabis - Iris  |  Nepeta - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FOLIAGE PERENNIALS     Alchemilla - Tanacetum

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HOSTA    Hosta - all

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HUMMINGBIRD-FRIENDLY PERENNIALS    Alcea - Salvia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ORANGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Tulipa

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ORNAMENTAL GRASSES    Acorus - Imperata |  Miscanthus - Spodiopogon

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PINK PERENNIALS    Achillea - Lilium  |  Lychnis - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PURPLE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Liatris  |  Polemonium - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RED PERENNIALS    Achillea - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SHADE PERENNIALS    Aegopodium - Erythronium  |  Ferns - Polemonium  |  Polygonatum - Vinca

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SILVER FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Cerastium    |    Cornus - Limonium    |    Lunaria - Veronica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SIMPLY SPECIAL PERENNIALS    Acanthus - Saxifraga

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WHITE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Iris  |  Kalimeris - Yucca

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              YELLOW PERENNIALS    Achillea - Hypericum  |  Inula - Verbascum

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VARIEGATED-FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Acorus - Erythronium  |  Hakonechloa - Lysimachia  |  Miscanthus - Yucca

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PLANT PROFILES

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Dianthus 'Tiny Rubies'  |  Geranium  |  Geum coccineum  |  Kerria japonica  |  Knautia macedonica

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Paeonia tenuifolia  |  Papaver somniferum  |  Rudbeckia  |  Salvia 'East Friesland'

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Trollius  |  Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue'

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PROPAGATION

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DIVISION - SPRING ONLY  |   DIVISION - FALL ONLY  |   DIVISION - SPRING OR FALL  |   DO NOT DIVIDE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FERTILIZATION

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BULBS  |   ORNAMENTAL GRASSES  |   PERENNIALS  |   SHRUBS  |   VINES

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LINKS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GARDENS  |   LOCAL GARDENS  |   BOTANICAL TERMINOLOGY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GARDENING BOOKS  |   NON-GARDENING


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