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GARDENS BY THE BAY

Geranium magnificum

"SPECIAL" PERENNIALS & THEIR COMPANIONS


A plant need not be rare or spectacular to quality as "special". This quality may even be due to the fact that such a plant can blend well with numerous other plants, or can make the perennials around it take centre stage and create their own spectacular effect. The plants on this page are some of my own favourites. You might choose plants with other "special" characteristics such as those listed below:
  • remarkable foliage or flowers
  • overall structure
  • growth habit
  • ease or difficulty of care required
  • exposure preference (sun, shade or variations in between)
  • soil preference
  • rock garden to perennial border
  • availability (rare to quite common)
  • ordinary to bizarre
  • growing beyond traditional hardiness limits

Every garden should reflect its owner. So - know what you like, know what your site will grow well and then decide what will become your own favourite "special" plants. Numerous ideas for valuable planting companions recommended by various gardening experts can be found on many of our pages. Just use your imagination and create your own idea of Heaven On Earth.


* Watch for the animated hummingbird and butterfly with the plants that attract them. *
The deer icon indicates plants that deer are not usually attracted to.

The best time and method to propagate plants can be found on our image-intensive PROPAGATION page.

To help your plants grow their best, check out our FERTILIZATION page.

To create your own plant partnerships based on tried and true color theory, check out our GARDEN COLOR page.

To see if a particular plant is on this page press Ctrl+F, type in the name, then click the Find button.



ACANTHUS

If Heritage Perennials' Perennial Gardening Guide description of this shade garden accent as "large, leafy clumps with a tropical flair" sets off bells in your imagination, this is the plant for you. And me too. Whenever I see it in friends' gardens, I remind myself to add it soon to my own. You simply can't beat this bold specimen plant for a shaded border. Hardiness of different species varies from one reference book to another.

Acanthus mollis:  Bear's Breeches

    with fine-textured plants for contrast:  Achillea
      with late-bloomers:  Aconitum x bicolor, A. carmichaelii or A. napellus for both colour and a taller vertical shape
        to go with its coarse, mounded look
      combined with:  Echinacea purpurea 'Bright Star' or 'Magnus', Nepeta x faassenii & Hemerocallis 'Yesterday Memories'
    Acanthus mollis latifolius:  3-5'x3', the hardiest variety
      what:  large, glossy foliage is deeply lobed
        uses:  mauve-pink hooded flowers are excellent for cutting
      Acanthus spinosus:  Spiny Bear's Breeches
        where:  alone, as a specimen where it can be viewed from all sides
          amid:  early Narcissus to provide spring colour


        EREMURUS

        I'm a little intimidated at the thought of adding such an imposing plant as the Foxtail Lily or Desert Candle to my gardens. Especially one that goes dormant after its flowering period is over. How will I hide the empty spot it leaves when it does so? Perhaps the answer lies in the information below. Plant this in fall in full sun and well-drained soil for best results.

        Eremurus

          Eremurus - yellow form of Foxtail Lily
          where:  against wall or hedge, in a mid to rear border position
            behind:  Incarvillea delavayi
              combined with:  Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan' & Achillea x 'Coronation Gold'
                with smaller-flowered plants:  Gypsophila
                  with bold flowers:  Paeonia
                    with:  Papaver orientale
                      with strappy perennials:  Hemerocallis, Iris x germanica
                        with:  flowering shrubs
                      Eremurus x isabellinus Shelford Hybrids:  4-8', tawny
                        Bill Neal's Gardener's Latin says:  
                          isabellinus "comes from the spurious story that the Archduchess Isabella did not change ... her underwear for three years"
                        Other forms of this perennial that are hardy to Zone 5 include:

                      • Eremurus himalaicus:  white
                      • Eremurus robustus:  6-8'x2', light pink flowers
                      • Eremurus stenophyllus:  3-5'x2', yellow, for smaller gardens
                      • Follow the link below for more information about and partnership ideas for the Eremurus genus.

                      • white Foxtail Lily




                      • ERYNGIUM

                        A personal favourite is Eryngium, commonly known as Sea Holly, or sometimes Eryngo. Although I have only one species in my garden, I have been growing it successfully for fourteen years. Perhaps my success with it is because its preferred site is the full sun and dry soil in most of my garden beds. The foliage is serrated, and the blue flowers thistle-like. Its mid to late summer bloom is an added bonus. The steely-blue flowers tend to tone down some of summer's bright yellows and oranges.

                        A wonderful accent plant as well as a good border blender, Sea Holly will soon become one of your favourites as well if you give it a try. As you can see below, there is no shortage of species and wonderful cultivars from which to choose. I intend to seek out more of them to add to my hot and sunny beds.

                        "KILLER COMBO"

                        Whichever form of Sea Holly you choose, the silvery foliage and magnificent flower colour will help you create a remarkable late-season garden picture with Rudbeckia,   Achillea &  Ornamental Grasses.

                        Eryngium:  in general

                          Eryngium - Sea Holly - an unknown form
                          with:  floriferous perennials including Solidago
                            with:  Ornamental Grasses, gray-leaved plants
                              near:  Achillea 'Coronation Gold' or the shorter 'Moonshine'
                                near:  Lythrum, if you still grow Loosestrife
                                  near:  silvery-leaved Pulmonaria forms
                                    beside:  deep purple Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue'
                                      behind:  Oenothera macrocarpa, formerly O. missouriensis
                                        a purple echo with:  Lavandula 'Munstead', Nepeta x faassenii, Perovskia atriplicifolia
                                          with:  Thalictrum delavayi 'Hewitt's Double' & magenta Phlox paniculata
                                            with:  Hemerocallis (lemon yellow), Sidalcea malviflora 'Mr. Lindbergh'
                                              with:  ruby or rose-coloured Lilium, shrubby Potentilla
                                                in front of:  Centranthus ruber, Heliopsis
                                                  beside:  Malva moschata (white), Sedum spectabile 'Stardust', Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'
                                                Eryngium 'Blue Steel':  24"
                                                  note:  multi-branched variety, very spiky dark metallic-blue flowers
                                                Eryngium alpinum:  Alpine Sea Holly, 18-24"x8-10", largest flowering, showy form, gun-metal blue flowers in a soft feathery ruff
                                                  where:  dry, hot sites, perennials borders, needs good deep soil
                                                    uses:  will attract both bees and butterflies
                                                      with:  plants with lilac-blue flowers and/or silvery foliage
                                                        accentuate its steely nature with:  Iris sibirica 'Mrs Perry', Salvia 'May Night', Cynara cardunculus
                                                      Eryngium alpinum 'Amethyst':  24"
                                                        what:  large violet-blue thistle cone-like flowers
                                                      Eryngium alpinum 'Holden Blue':  32"
                                                        what:  a rare variety, stout stems carry large spiky flowers, which mature to intense metallic blue
                                                      Eryngium amethystinum:  Amethyst Sea Holly, 24", flowers & stems stained a deep blue, late-flowering, one of the best blues
                                                        what:  flowers later than most
                                                          uses:  mid border position, as filler, well-drained sites
                                                            with:  Solidago, Aster, Phlox paniculata, Ornamental Grasses
                                                          Eryngium bourgatii:  an excellent small variety to 18", deeply cut leaves with silvery-white veins, silvery-purple flower heads
                                                            where:  front of border
                                                              with:  Centranthus ruber, Sedum spectabile 'Stardust' (blue-green foliage & white flowers)
                                                                beside:  Perovskia atriplicifolia
                                                              Eryngium bourgatii 'Picos Blue':  20"
                                                                what:  bright blue flowers with silver bracts, silver-veined leaves
                                                              Eryngium giganteum:  Miss Willmott's Ghost, 36"x12", steel blue flowers with silvery grey bracts, heart-shaped foliage
                                                                Eryngium - Miss Willmott's Ghost Sea Holly
                                                                what:  self-seeding biennial
                                                                  where:  well-drained sites, mid-border
                                                                    amid:  California poppy
                                                                      with:  Artemisia 'Powis Castle' (pale silvery-green ferny foliage)
                                                                        with:  Salvia 'Miss Indigo' (intense violet-blue)
                                                                          with:  Santolina (soft yellow button flowers)
                                                                            with:  Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet' (non-flowering)
                                                                          Eryngium oliverianum:  24-40", wonderful but hard-to-find
                                                                            what:  large electric-blue flowers on upright stems, late summer
                                                                              behind:  Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet'
                                                                            Eryngium planum:  Plains Eryngo, Flat Sea Holly
                                                                              with:  Phlox paniculata
                                                                            Eryngium planum 'Blaukappe':  'Blue Cap', to 36"x18", toothed dark green foliage, metallic-blue flower heads with silvery ruffs
                                                                              where:  rear of border position
                                                                                with:  giant grasses i.e. Stipa gigantea, Stipa tenuissima
                                                                                  with tall perennials:  Perovskia 'Blue Spire', Crambe maritima
                                                                                    with:  Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet', Euphorbia characias spp. wulfenii 'Blue Wonder', Sedum spectabile
                                                                                  Eryngium planum 'Blue Dwarf':  'Blue Dwarf' Plains Eryngo, to 20"
                                                                                    has:  intense blue flowers
                                                                                  Eryngium planum 'Fluella':  'Fluella' Plains Eryngo
                                                                                    with:  
                                                                                  Eryngium planum 'Tetra Blau':  'Tetra Blue' Plains Eryngo, 24"
                                                                                    what:  blue-grey flowerheads surrounded by blue-green bracts
                                                                                      note:  a new tetraploid form of the species, genetically modified to enlarge the flowerheads for the cut flower trade
                                                                                    Eryngium proteiflorum:  24"x24", rarely offered, Zone 8 hardy
                                                                                      what:  large silver spiny flowers
                                                                                    Eryngium serbicum:  24"
                                                                                      what:  large dark blue flowers, sombre as well as sophisticated
                                                                                    Eryngium serra:  36-72", green, thimble-like blooms
                                                                                      what:  long, leathery, spiny-toothed foliage, in rosettes, glossy
                                                                                    Eryngium x tripartitum:  to 28", tiny violet-blue flowers
                                                                                      where:  rear of border position
                                                                                        with:  Phlox paniculata
                                                                                      Eryngium variifolium:  Morrocan Sea Holly, small, 16-24"x10", spiny dark green white-veined foliage, metallic grey-blue flowers
                                                                                        where:  prominent position, front of border, rock garden
                                                                                          with:  Artemisia ludoviciana 'Silver Queen', Sedum 'Autumn Joy', Perovskia atriplicifolia 'Blue Spire'
                                                                                        Eryngium venustum:  16", foliage and flowers quite unlike any other form
                                                                                          what:  long, deeply-lobed foliage in rosettes, greenish-white thumb-like flowers
                                                                                        Eryngium x zabelii:  24", a beautiful form with strong, upright stems
                                                                                          what:  large metallic blue flowerheads are 4" across
                                                                                            where:  sunny, open, well-drained site
                                                                                          Eryngium x zabelii 'Forncett Ultra':  18"
                                                                                            what:  compact variety, large spiky metallic-blue flowers and stems
                                                                                          Eryngium x zabelii 'Jewel':  24", double frilled bracts of steel blue surround flowers
                                                                                            what:  a strong and upright plant
                                                                                          Eryngium x zabelii 'Spring Hill Seedling':  24"
                                                                                            what:  large deep blue heads and stems
                                                                                          Eryngium x zabelii 'Violetta':  32"
                                                                                            what:  stunning violet-blue flowers and stems



                                                                                          GERANIUM

                                                                                          The Hardy Geranium, commonly called Cranesbill, can open up endless gardening possibilities. These plants are long-lived, returning year after year in true perennial fashion. They come in a variety of foliage forms, always attractive, dense, usually mound-shaped, sometimes deeply cut, some even changing colour in fall. Their 5-petalled flowers are best described as cup-shaped or saucer-shaped, from 1" to 2" across and come in shades of pink, magenta, white, purple, violet-blue or nearly black. They usually bloom from late spring to early summer, and some may even rebloom if plants are cut back.

                                                                                          Easy to grow, most are adapatable to a variety of cultural conditions. They can range from small alpines to groundcover forms, rock garden types to border specimens. Some grow best in full sun, some do better in partial shade. All seem to prefer evenly moist, well-drained soil, rich in organic matter such as compost or leaf mold. Best of all they seem to require little care to appear at their best. Nor are they bothered by pests or diseases. These are truly a special kind of plant that we would all be well-advised to grow in one form or another.

                                                                                          Everything you've ever wanted to know about this genus (and more) can be found in Birgitte Husted Bendtsen's recently published book, GARDENING WITH HARDY GERANIUMS. The 450 colour photographs of both flowers and foliage are magnificent. The text is highly readable and fact-filled. I bought this for myself for Chrismas of 2007 and can say it's undoubtedly one of the best gifts I've ever received. To find out more, follow the link to Timber Press.

                                                                                          "KILLER-COMBO"

                                                                                          If you grow Hemerocallis or Daylily in your beds, you will want to plant these nearby for a perfect foliage and overall shape contrast. When the Geranium is at its peak, the daylily will be only emerging foliage. When the Geranium is finished and needs cutting back, the daylily will be building to its own peak period. During this time the Geranium will be sending up lush new foliage that will take over the show when the daylily starts to decline. What a perfect partnership! Thank you Marie for this wonderful idea.

                                                                                          There are many forms of Hardy Geranium to choose from. Find suitable companions for those listed below by following the links to other pages on our site where these species and cultivars reside.

                                                                                        • Geranium:  Cranesbill, pink & white
                                                                                        • Geranium x cantabrigiense 'Biokovo':  a natural hybrid selection with white flowers
                                                                                        • Geranium cinereum spp. subcaulescens 'Ballerina':  Grayleaf Cranesbill, 6" pink, maroon veins, darker centre
                                                                                        • Geranium cinereum 'Laurence Flatman':  deep pink with dark crimson veining
                                                                                          • Geranium cinereum 'Laurence Flatman'

                                                                                        • Geranium clarkei 'Kashmir White':  Clarke's Cranesbill, pure white veined with lilac
                                                                                          • Hardy Geranium - white possibly 'Kashmir White'

                                                                                        • Geranium endressii:  pink Endres Cranesbill (Border Type)
                                                                                          • Geranium endressii

                                                                                        • Geranium endressii 'Wargrave Pink':  Endres Cranesbill, warm salmon-pink
                                                                                        • Geranium magnificum:  Showy Geranium, blue-violet
                                                                                          • Geranium magnificum flower
                                                                                            this wonderful species is seen in the border around this page and the images at the top of the page and directly above
                                                                                        • Geranium phaeum:  Mourning Widow (Border Type), 18-24"x24"
                                                                                          • Geranium phaeum

                                                                                        • Geranium pratense 'Mrs. Kendall Clark':  soft blue


                                                                                        • Geranium renardii:  12"x12", sage green foliage, lovely texture, white flowers with violet stripes
                                                                                            Geranium renardii
                                                                                            where:  more than other species within the genus it prefers excellent drainage and lean soil
                                                                                              the soft foliage of this species simply cries out to be touched
                                                                                            Geranium sanguineum:  Bloody Cranesbill
                                                                                              between:  Astilbe & Viola cornuta
                                                                                                between:  Primula polyanthes & Viola cornuta
                                                                                            • Geranium sanguineum 'Album':  Blood-red Cranesbill, white forms
                                                                                            • Geranium sanguineum 'John Elsley':  8", bright pink
                                                                                            • Geranium sanguineum 'Lancastriense':  Alpine
                                                                                            • Geranium sanguineum striatum:  pale pink, deep rose veins, an Alpine type, 12"
                                                                                            • Geranium x 'Johnson's Blue':  lavender-blue
                                                                                              • Geranium 'Johnson's Blue'

                                                                                              To find more about this genus, more images as well as partnership ideas just follow the links below.




                                                                                              MAZUS

                                                                                              I called this tiny perennial "little purple thing" for several years before I was able to identify it. Its ground-hugging mat-like foliage is perfect during three seasons in my shady areas. Its snapdragon-like tiny purple flowers spotted with yellow add extra interest during their early period of bloom. Always late to appear in spring, Mazus forces me to delay tidying up its area until it emerges, but it's well worth the wait. There is even a white-flowered cultivar, Mazus reptans 'Alba', whose flowers are described as "orchid-like" and is reputed to be able to tolerate more sun than the purple-flowered form. Wouldn't a bright white serve to draw the eye to a dark shaded area! Rest assured I'll be checking this one out. It sounds lovely. And deer-resistant too - yet another bonus.

                                                                                              Mazus reptans:  2-4"x12"

                                                                                                Mazus reptans
                                                                                                where:  between patio stones, waterside, moist well-drained soil
                                                                                                  valuable in:  dry shade as well where it thrives for me under our many cedar trees
                                                                                                    with:  Carex glauca (Blue Sedge)
                                                                                                      over:  Lilium or other bulbs to shade their roots



                                                                                                    PLATYCODON

                                                                                                    Hardy to Zone 3, Balloon Flower provides interesting blooms from early to mid-summer. The plant's blue-green, oval to lance-shaped leaves provide additional interest. Flowers can be used for fresh flower arrangments and are best picked when at least 2 buds have opened. The stems exude a white, milky latex so, for best results, the ends should be seared with a match before conditioning overnight in warm water.

                                                                                                    In the garden these plants are mostly pest and disease-free and require little care. Mulch to control weeds, keeping the mulch well away from plant crowns. Deadhead to prolong the bloom season. Plants will benefit from an annual feeding, either top-dressing in spring with compost or through use of a balanced organic fertilizer. Foliage turns a good yellow colour in the fall. Foliage can be cut to the ground in fall after a hard frost or be left until spring to help locate late emerging plants.

                                                                                                    And, just for the fun of it, who can resist "popping" the balloon-like buds of this special plant.

                                                                                                    Platycodon grandiflorus:  Balloon Flower

                                                                                                      over:  Crocus or other small bulbs, to guard against cutting into the plant which is slow to emerge in spring
                                                                                                        planted over:  spring-blooming Iris reticulata, including the brilliant blue cultivar 'Harmony'
                                                                                                          beside:  tall Digitalis, Paeonia lactiflora
                                                                                                            in front of:  tall Alcea forms, Anchusa
                                                                                                              with:  Ornamental Grasses
                                                                                                                with:  summer-blooming perennials, foliage to set off bright blue or pink flowers
                                                                                                                  with:  Goniolinum tartaricum (German Statice) or Limonium latifolium (Sea Lavender, Statice)
                                                                                                                    with silver-foliaged perennials:  Stachys byzantina, Artemisia
                                                                                                                      with:  Allium, Salvia x superba, Nepeta x faassinii, Hemerocallis, Coreopsis verticillata esp. 'Moonbeam'
                                                                                                                        with:  Perovskia atriplicifolia (now Perovskia x superba), Phlox paniculata or Phlox maculata
                                                                                                                          with:  Solidago canadensis, tall Veronica spp. including 'Crater Lake Blue'
                                                                                                                            fall colour combo with:  Bergenia & Lysimachia clethroides
                                                                                                                              with:  Achillea 'Moonshine', Achillea filipendulina, Lysimachia clethroides, Monarda didyma

                                                                                                                            Follow the links below for more information about and partnership ideas for the Platycodon genus.

                                                                                                                          • blue Balloon Flower forms
                                                                                                                          • pink Balloon Flower forms
                                                                                                                          • purple Balloon Flower forms
                                                                                                                          • white Balloon Flower forms



                                                                                                                          • SAXIFRAGA

                                                                                                                            The Rockfoil genus is a large and varied one, the best known form perhaps being Saxifraga x urbium 'London Pride'. Why limit yourself to one only - try other forms such as those below. There are many from which to choose. Propagate by seed in autumn or rooted offsets in winter. Pronunciation of the botanical Latin name is sax-iff-ruh-guh. According to the American Horticultural Society ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GARDEN PLANTS, this genus can be divided into 4 MAIN GROUPS for cultivation purposes. Knowing which group your own plants are in will help you grow them better.

                                                                                                                            1. need both protection from mid-day sun and moist soil
                                                                                                                            2. need both semi-shade and well-drained soil
                                                                                                                            3. need well-drained rock pockets, alpine house pans as well as shade from mid-day sun, form tight cushions with early flowers
                                                                                                                            4. need full sun and well-drained alkaline soil, foliage usually lime-encrusted

                                                                                                                            Saxifraga:  unspecified forms
                                                                                                                              where:  rock gardens, alpine gardens, cool locations
                                                                                                                                with:  Cerastium tomentosum (white edger)
                                                                                                                              Saxifraga:  white
                                                                                                                                with:  Geranium cinereum 'Ballerina' or 'Laurence Flatman'
                                                                                                                                  with:  Scabiosa columbaria 'Blue Butterfly' or 'Pink Mist'
                                                                                                                                Saxifraga x arendsii:  Mossy Saxifrage
                                                                                                                                  where:  walls, troughs, shady rock garden
                                                                                                                                Saxifraga cotyledon:  Pyramidal Saxifrage, group 2
                                                                                                                                  where:  walls, troughs
                                                                                                                                Saxifraga paniculata:  Encrusted Saxifrage, group 4
                                                                                                                                  where:  walls, edger; sun to part shade
                                                                                                                                Saxifraga primuloides:  a miniature variety
                                                                                                                                  where:  shaded rockeries
                                                                                                                                Saxifraga stolonifera:  Strawberry Geranium, group 1
                                                                                                                                  where:  groundcover under flowering shrubs or small trees; shaded gardens; pots
                                                                                                                                    with:  Hosta, bulbs, wildflowers, ferns
                                                                                                                                  Saxifraga x urbium:  London Pride, group 1
                                                                                                                                    Saxifraga x urbium 'London Pride' - 'London Pride' Saxifrage foliage
                                                                                                                                    formerly:  Saxifraga umbrosa
                                                                                                                                      uses:  as groundcover, as edger in shade, in dense shade under trees


                                                                                                                                    All of our own Gardens By The Bay pages can be accessed by clicking on the links below.


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                                                                                                                                    CORNER GARDEN CONSTRUCTION  |  CORNER GARDEN PLANTING  |  LONG GARDEN

                                                                                                                                    EAST GARDEN  |  HOSTA GARDEN  |  NORTH GARDEN  |  WINTER GARDENS

                                                                                                                                    PLANT PARTNERSHIPS

                                                                                                                                    BLUE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Geranium  |  Iris - Vinca

                                                                                                                                    BULBS    Allium - Hyacinthus  |  Narcissus only  |  Tulipa only  |  Minor Bulbs

                                                                                                                                    BUTTERFLY MAGNETS    Anaphalis - Hemerocallis  |  Liatris - Veronicastrum
                                                                                                                                    DAYLILIES      Spider & Unusual Form

                                                                                                                                    EDGERS    Arabis - Iris  |  Nepeta - Veronica

                                                                                                                                    FOLIAGE PERENNIALS     Alchemilla - Tanacetum

                                                                                                                                    HOSTA    Hosta - all

                                                                                                                                    HUMMINGBIRD-FRIENDLY PERENNIALS    Alcea - Salvia

                                                                                                                                    ORANGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Tulipa

                                                                                                                                    ORNAMENTAL GRASSES    Acorus - Imperata |  Miscanthus - Spodiopogon

                                                                                                                                    PINK PERENNIALS    Achillea - Lilium  |  Lychnis - Veronica

                                                                                                                                    PURPLE PERENNIALS    Aconitum - Liatris  |  Polemonium - Veronica

                                                                                                                                    RED PERENNIALS    Achillea - Veronica

                                                                                                                                    SHADE PERENNIALS    Aegopodium - Erythronium  |  Ferns - Polemonium  |  Polygonatum - Vinca

                                                                                                                                    SILVER FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Cerastium    |    Cornus - Limonium    |    Lunaria - Veronica

                                                                                                                                    SIMPLY SPECIAL PERENNIALS    Acanthus - Saxifraga

                                                                                                                                    WHITE PERENNIALS    Achillea - Iris  |  Kalimeris - Yucca

                                                                                                                                    YELLOW PERENNIALS    Achillea - Hypericum  |  Inula - Verbascum

                                                                                                                                    VARIEGATED-FOLIAGE PERENNIALS    Acorus - Erythronium  |  Hakonechloa - Lysimachia  |  Miscanthus - Yucca

                                                                                                                                    PLANT PROFILES

                                                                                                                                    Dianthus 'Tiny Rubies'  |  Geranium  |  Geum coccineum  |  Kerria japonica  |  Knautia macedonica

                                                                                                                                    Paeonia tenuifolia  |  Papaver somniferum  |  Rudbeckia  |  Salvia 'East Friesland'

                                                                                                                                    Trollius  |  Veronica 'Sunny Border Blue'

                                                                                                                                    PROPAGATION

                                                                                                                                    DIVISION - SPRING ONLY  |   DIVISION - FALL ONLY  |   DIVISION - SPRING OR FALL  |   DO NOT DIVIDE

                                                                                                                                    FERTILIZATION

                                                                                                                                    BULBS  |   ORNAMENTAL GRASSES  |   PERENNIALS  |   SHRUBS  |   VINES

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